CY1001 Chemistry I

Course Contents:

Chemical Thermodynamics: (8 classes) Second Law of Thermodynamics – Entropy change accompanying various processes (isothermal expansion, phase transition, heating, entropy of mixing of perfect gases); Absolute entropy and the Third Law of Thermodynamics; Statistical entropy; Spontaneity of a chemical reaction and Gibbs energy; Standard Gibbs energies of formation and reactions; Thermodynamic functions (A, G, U & H) and four fundamental equations, Maxwell relationships; variation of G with T and P, Gibbs-Helmholtz equation, Chemical potential; G versus extent of reaction (), Equilibrium constant through chemical potential (gas equilibria), relation between Kp & Kc; Phase equilibria, Gibbs phase rule, phase diagrams of water and carbon dioxide (supercritical H2O & CO2), Clausius-Clapeyron equation; Liquid-solid phase diagrams – two-component eutectic systems and cooling curves. Chemical Kinetics :(7 Classes) Parallel, opposing and consecutive reactions; Mechanism of complex chemical reactions; Analysing mechanisms using the steady-state approximation, Chain reactions (hydrogen-bromine reaction); Unimolecular reactions (Lindemann-Hinshelwood approach); Transition State Theory for bimolecular reactions (thermodynamic approach); Enzyme catalysis (Michaelis-Menten Mechanism). Chemisorption and Langmuir Isotherm. Basic Concepts of Quantum Chemistry (5 classes) Motion of a quantum mechanical particle in one dimension; The Schrödinger wave equation for the hydrogen atom; physical meaning of a wave function, radial wave functions and probability densities, quantum numbers, wave functions and orbital shapes. LCAO-MO; H2+ molecule; Bonding and antibonding orbitals; Electronic structure of homonuclear diatomic molecules, bond order. Heteronuclear diatomic molecule (HF) Transition metal chemistry: (5 classes) Bonding in transition metal complexes; coordination compounds; crystal field theory, octahedral, tetrahedral and square planar complexes; CFSE; Jahn-Teller theorem; Spectral, electronic and magnetic properties of coordination complexes. Organometallic chemistry: (5 classes) Synthesis structure and reactivity of metal carbonyls; 16 and 18 electron rules ; Variety of ligands and hapticity; Type of reactions: Oxidative addition, Reductive elimination, Migratory insertion; Homogeneous catalysis, Hydrogenation, Hydroformylation, Monsanto process, Wacker process. Aromaticity: (5 classes) Aromatic, non-aromatic and anti-aromatic compounds………

Text Books:

  1. Atkin’s Physical Chemistry by PW Atkins and J de Paula, 8th and 9th Eds., Oxford University Press.2. Organic Chemistry by J Clayden, N Greeves and S Warren, 2nd Edition 2012, Oxford University Press.3. Shriver and Atkin’s Inorganic Chemistry by P Atkins, T Overton J Rourke, M Weller and F Armstrong, 4th Edition 2009, Oxford University Press.